¨An analytical exposition is a sort text which is meant to persuade the readers or listeners that something is the case or important. In persuading the readers or listeners, some supporting ideas or arguments on why the writer’s opinion is important, are presented. Since analytical exposition is popular among scientists, academic community and educated people then you can find this type of text in scientific books, journals, magazines, newspaper articles, academic speech or lectures, research report etc.

¨You certainly know that both analytical exposition and hortatory exposition are grouped as argumentative essay. Both present argument to support the thesis. But actually you can see the difference by seeing the generic structure. Analytical exposition ends with paragraph to strengthen the thesis or reiteration while hortatory makes a recommendation for the readers.

ØThe social function of analytical exposition text is to persuade the readers or listeners that something is the case or important, to make the listeners more interesting and as the symbols of urgent condition

Generic Structure

¨Thesis
It states the writer’s point of view about the topic being discussed.
¨Arguments
It consists of point and elaboration. The arguments to support the thesis are developed here. Arguments are actually the core an analytical exposition. Their absence will just talk nothing, as a thesis must be evaluated.

¨Reiteration
In this part the writer restates the thesis, just like a conclusive paragraph from the previous statement.

Language Features

¨Using mental processes to state what the writer or speaker thinks or feels about something e.g.: realize, feel etc.
¨Using Simple Present Tense e.g. About 50 thousands people die every year in Britain as direct result of smoking.
¨Using enumeration is sometimes necessary to show the list of given arguments e.g.: firstly, secondly, finally, etc.
¨Using evaluative language is important to persuade people to agree with the writer’s opinion e.g. valuable, important, better, worst, true, important, clear, believe, obvious etc.
¨Using emotive words e.g.: worried, alarmed etc.
¨Using causal conjunction e.g.: because, therefore, consequently, etc.
¨Using modal verb e.g. We must preserve, etc.
¨Using passive voice e.g. Ninety percent of lung cancers are caused by smoking.

Example

The Dangerous of Using Drugs

Everybody must pay attention of drugs. Drugs are very dangerous for us. Why it is very dangerous for us? Because its can caused harm to our body.
In terms of health, many organs in our body can be harm because using drug. In general, the impact of using drug are can unconscious, make us hallucinate, can harm our nerve, and cause addictive effect. Beside that, using drugs can make the users depressed, liver disease, schizophrenia, blockage of blood vessels, dehydration, optic nerve damage, brain damage, and finally it can cause DEATH!

When viewed in terms of Islamic law, drugs are forbidden. Because it is cause badness, self harm, debilitate. And Islam proscribes all that can cause badness, self harm because it is included zhalim. Also if we using drugs, it means we already do the forbidden things in Islam, it means we sin. So, in terms of Islamic law, using drugs also dangerous.

Furthermore, if the users of drugs are teenagers, it can endanger their future, and endanger their homeland, their country. From the data, 32 percent of drugs users in Indonesia are teenagers, so, if many teenagers –in this case Indonesia- use drugs, it can be endanger this country, harm youth generation, whereas youths are nation expectation. If the youth using drugs, our nation can be destroy!

So, from now on we must pay attention of drugs, because it’s very dangerous, both in terms of health, religion (Islam), nationality and state.

About ichapajrisadwiputri

an ordinary people who always do the extraordinary things. :)

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